Possibilities for new or improved RES-installations

Potentials and applicability of new renewable energy sources, or improved such, are explained in the Potential and Applicability reports which are listed below.

 

  • Germany: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (read )
This paper concentrates on the analysis of biomass, geothermal energy and solar energy (photovoltaic and solar thermal energy). Wind energy follows special rules because of its rate of return and the concentrat ion in development areas. Hydropower only has a small potent ial in MV because of local geologic surface condit ions (to low differences in alt itude).
 
  • Poland: Pomeranian Voivodeship (read)
Pomerania has high potential to increase the RES in the energy system. Currently, the region depends on non-renewable energy, mostly imported from other country regions. However, according to EU directive (2009/28/WE) and national policies and strategies, RES production will systematically increase.
 
  • Sweden: Skåne (read)
Skåne has great potential to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the energy system. However, the region till has a dependence on non-renewable energy sources. Today, the transports in Skåne are mainly dependent on fossil fuel, but there are great potential for alternative solutions134. There is great potential for emission reductions, e.g. reduced fuel consumption, increased use of renewable fuels, land use planning and usage of more efficient transport135. Due to the fact that Skåne is assigned to be a Pilot County for green development, it may be important to develop a strategy for the implementation of renewable fuel in the transport sector.
 
The total RES potential is 2,092,213 MWh. The biggest potential is in relation to wind energy with 1,480,500 MWh (approx. 71%).
 
Klaipeda region is leader on sustainable energy development and introduction in industry and residential sector. There are large onshore and offshore RES potential. 29% of energy was consumed from RES in 2014.
 
The energy used in Blekinge is toady to >60% from RES and the regionally available potential could be used to increase this even further, for 2020 80% RES is within reach.  For the need of heat and electricity the RES potential could replace all fossil fuels. The major challenge is the transport sector where biogas, ethanol and biodiesel together with increased energy efficiency in the transport sector could give a significant reduction of GHG emissions but it will not be enough to reach a fossil free transport sector. Electrical vehicles could be used to further reduce the use of fossil fuels given that the electricity used is produced from RES e.g. wind and solar power. The potential for offshore wind power is huge, our estimate is that the potential is at least five times the current electricity consumption in our region.